Symbiosis could mean cooperation, interdependence, relationship, association, synergy, and interaction (Encarta Dictionary, 2009).
Life is symbiotic in nature! Life is interdependent, if you are trying to live all alone, it may not work out, there is a need for interdependence. It’s even God’s principle. When He wanted to create the Heaven and the Earth, he said, “Let us make….” He can do it all alone, but He knew that it would be better to do it with some personalities. Think of it, if there are no trees that undergo Photosynthesis in order to give off Oxygen, there would be no living things on the surface of the earth, because they too would not have access to Carbon dioxide that they need for the process.
How do living things interact with each other and with their environment?
Living things or organisms interact with other living things and with non-living things or the physical environment. And there are several ways of the interactions among living things. Some are beneficial for one organism, but harmful to the other. And some are beneficial for the two organisms that are involved.
The main three ways of interaction between organisms in their environment are Symbiosis, Predation, and Competition
In Science, symbiosis can be any of these three: Commensalism, Mutualism, or Parasitism.
Commensalism is the type of relationship where one organism benefits from the other while none of them was harmed. The commensal benefits from the host.
Mutualism – A type of relationship where two species benefit from each other. An interaction that benefits both organisms.
Parasitism – A relationship where an organism (parasite) gets its nutrients from a living host that was harmed by the interaction.
|S/N||Ecological Relationship||Effects on Organism A||Effects on Organism B||Legends|
|1||Commensalism||+||0||0 : Neutral
+ : Benefits
– : Harmed
What is the implication of the table above to real life?
- In some relationships, the two persons involved benefit equally from each other (Mutualism type of Symbiosis).
- In some relationships, only one person benefits from the relationship, though no harm to the other person (Commensalism type of Symbiosis).
- In some relationships, only one person benefits from the relationship, while the other person is being harmed (Parasitism, Predation, and Competition).
The symbiotic relationship (Commensalism and Mutualism, except Parasitism) is good. While those relationships that are of negative competition and predation in nature are extremely bad.
The question now is which type of relationship are you engaged in? Use the table above to analyze the relationship you are in, and decide whether to change, stay the same or run for your dear life.
Reference: www.slideshare.net and Google
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© 2017 Peter F. Adewumi
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